Publications Resulting from VFHY-Funded Grants


1.          Acosta, M.C., Eissenberg, T., Nichter, M., Nichter, M., Balster, R.L. and the Tobacco Etiology Research Network (TERN) (2008). Characterizing early cigarette use episodes in novice smokers. Addictive Behaviors, 33, 106-121.

2.          Alsharari, S.D., King, J.R., Nordman, J.C., Muldoon, P.P., Jackson, A., Zhu, A.Z., Tyndale, R.F., Kabbani, N., & Damaj, M.I. (2015). Effects of menthol on nicotine pharmacokinetic, pharmacology and dependence in mice. PLoS One, 10(9), e0137070.

3.          Ashoor, A., Nordman, J.C., Veltri, D., Yang, K.S., Al Kury, L., Shuba, Y., Mahgoub, M., Howarth, F.C., Sadek, B., Shehu, A., Kabbani, N., & Oz, M. (2013a). Menthol binding and inhibition of a α7-nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. Plos One, 8(7), e67674.

4.          Ashoor, A., Nordman, J.C., Veltri, D., Yang, K.S., Shuba, Y., Al Kury, L., Sadek, B., Howarth, F.C., Shehu, A., Kabbani, N., & Oz, M. (2013b). Menthol inhibits 5-HT3 receptor-mediated current. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, 347(2), 398-409.

5.          Bean, M.K., Mitchell, K.S., Speizer, I.S., Wilson, D.B., Smith, B.N., Fries, E.A. (2008). Rural adolescent attitudes toward smoking and weight loss: relationship to smoking status. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 10(2), 279-286.

6.          Belgrave, F.Z., Johnson, J., Nguyen, A., Hood, K., Tademy, R., Clark, T., Nasim, A. (2010). Stress and tobacco use among African-American Adolescents: the buffering effect of cultural factors. Journal of Drug Education, 40(2), 173-88.

7.          Bergstrom, H.C., McDonald, C.G., French, H.T., Smith, R.F. (2008). Continuous nicotine administration produces selective, age-dependent structural alteration of pyramidal neurons from prelimbic cortex. Synapse, 62(31), 31-39.

8.          Bergstrom, H.C., Smith, R.F., Mollinedo, N.S., McDonald, C.G. (2010). Chronic nicotine exposure produces lateralized, age-dependent dendritic remodeling in the rodent basolateral amygdala. Synapse, 64(10), 754-64.

9.          Breland, A. B., Nasim, A., Irons, J. G., & Koch, J. R. (2013). Tobacco Use Among African American Youth Receiving Behavioral Healthcare Services. The journal of behavioral health services & research, 40, 88-96.

10.      Brielmaier, J., McDonald, C. G., & Smith, R. F. (2012). Effects of acute stress on acquisition of nicotine conditioned place preference in adolescent rats: a role for corticotropin-releasing factor 1 receptors. Psychopharmacology, 219(1), 73-82.

11.      Brielmaier, J.M., McDonald, C.G., Smith, R.F. (2007). Immediate and long-term behavioral effects of a single nicotine injection in adolescent and adult rats. Neurotoxicology and Teratology, 29, 74-80.

12.      Britton, A.F., Vann, R.E., Robinson, S.E. (2007). Perinatal nicotine exposure eliminates peak in nicotinic acetylcholine receptor response in adolescent rats.

13.      Brunzell, D. H. (2012). Preclinical evidence that activation of mesolimbic alpha 6 subunit containing nicotinic acetylcholine receptors supports nicotine addiction phenotype. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 14(11), 1258-1269.

14.      Brunzell, D. H., & McIntosh, J. M. (2011). Alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors modulate motivation to self-administer nicotine: implications for smoking and schizophrenia. Neuropsychopharmacology, 37(5), 1134-1143.

15.      Brunzell, D.H., McIntosh, J.M., & Papke, R.L. (2014). Diverse strategies targeting α7 homomeric and α6β2* heteromeric nicotinic acetylcholine receptors for smoking cessation. Annals of the New York Academy of Science, 1327, 27-45.

16.      Brunzell, D.H., Stafford, A.M., & Dixon, C.I. (2015). Nicotinic receptor contributions to smoking: Insights from human studies and animal models. Current Addiction Reports, 2(1), 33-46.

17.      Buzzell, G. A., Fedota, J. R., Roberts, D. M., & McDonald, C. G. (2014). The N2 ERP component as an index of impaired cognitive control in smokers. Neuroscience Letters, 563, 61-65.

18.      Castagnoli, K., Wu, X., Crawford, H.J. (2004). The effects of smoking on blood platelet monoamine oxidase-b activity in southwestern Virginia female teenage smokers. In P. Meszaros, F. Piercy, A. Huebner, H. Crawford, K. Castagnoli. (Eds.). Adolescent Females & Smoking. Monograph published by the Center for Information Technology Impacts on Children, Youth and Families. Blacksburg, VA: Virginia Tech.

19.      Chen, J., Brunzell, D. H., Jackson, K., van der Vaart, A., Ma, J. Z., Payne, T. J., ... & Chen, X. (2011). ACSL6 is associated with the number of cigarettes smoked and its expression is altered by chronic nicotine exposure. PloS One, 6(12), e28790.

20.      Chen, X., Che, Y., Zhang, L., Putman, A.H., Damaj, I., Martin, B.R., Kendler, K.S., Miles, M.F. (2007). RhoA, encoding a Rho GTPase, is associated with smoking initiation. Genes Brain Behav, 6(8), 689-97.

21.      Chen, X., Chen, J., Williamson, V.S., An, S.S., Hettema, J.M., Aggen, S.H., Neale, M.C., Kendler, K.S. (2009, October 5). Variants in nicotinic acetylcholine receptors alpha5 and alpha3 increase risks to nicotine dependence. American Journal of Medical Genetics Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics, 150B(7), 926-933.

22.      Chen, Y. C., Kaestle, C. E., Estabrooks, P., & Zoellner, J. (2013). US Children's Acquisition of Tobacco Media Literacy Skills: A Focus Group Analysis. Journal of Children and Media, (ahead-of-print), 1-19.

23.      Chen, X., Williamson, V.S., An, S.S., Hettema, J.M., Aggen, S.H., Neale, M.C., Kendler, K.S. (2008). Cannabinoid receptor 1 gene association with nicotine dependence. Archives of General Psychiatry, 65(7), 816-823.

24.      Clark, T.T., Belgrave, F.Z., & Abell, M. (2012). The mediating and moderating effects of parent and peer influences upon drug use among African American adolescents. Journal of Black Psychology, 38(1), 52-80.

25.      Clark, T.T. & Nguyen, A.B. (2012). Family factors and mediators of substance use among African American adolescents. Journal of Drug Issues, 42(4), 358-372.

26.      Cobb, C. O., Soule, E. K., Rudy, A. K., Sutter, M., & Cohn, A. M. (2018). Patterns and correlates    of tobacco and cannabis co-use by tobacco product type: Findings from the Virginia Youth  Survey. Substance Use and Misuse, 53(14), 2310-2319.

27.      Crawford, H.J., Loe, J., Wan, L. (2004). Why are some teenage girls more vulnerable to start smoking? A preliminary grant report on cognitive, EEG, and behavioral correlates. In P. Meszaros, F. Piercy, A. Huebner, H. Crawford, K. Castagnoli. (Eds.). Adolescent Females & Smoking. Monograph published by the Center for Information Technology Impacts on Children, Youth and Families. Blacksburg, VA: Virginia Tech.

28.      Davis, S., Piercy, F., Meszaros, P.S., Huebner, A., Shettler, L., Matheson, J. (2004). Female adolescent smoking: a Delphi study on best prevention practices. Journal of Drug Education, 34(3), 295-311.

29.      Ehlinger, D.G., Burke, J.C., McDonald, C.G., Smith, R.F., Bergstrom, H.C. (2017). Nicotine-induced and D1-receptor-dependent dendritic remodeling in a subset of dorsolateral striatum medium spiny neurons. Neuroscience, 356, 242-254.

30.      Eppolito, A.K. & Smith, R.F. (2006). Long-term behavioral and developmental consequences of pre- and perinatal nicotine. Pharamcology, Biochemistry, and Behavior, 85, 835-841.

31.      Eppolito, A.K., Bachus, S. E., McDonald, C.G., Meador-Woodruff, J.H., Smith, R.F. (2010, January 7). Late emerging effects of prenatal and early postnatal nicotine exposure on the cholinergic system and anxiety-like behavior. Neurotoxicol Teratol, 32(3), 336-45.

32.      Evans, S.W., Green A.L., Serpell, Z.N. (2005). Community participation in the treatment development process using community development teams. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 34(4), 765-771.

33.      Evans, S.W., Serpell, Z.N., Schultz, B.K., Pastor, D.A. (2007). Cumulative benefits of secondary school-based treatment of students with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. School Psychology Review, 36(2), 256-273.

34.      Evans, S.W., Timmins, B., Sibley, M., White, L.C., Serpell, Z.N., Schultz, B. (2006). Developing coordinated, multimodal, school-based treatment for young adolescents with ADHD. Education and Treatment of Children, 29(2), 359-378.

35.      Falco, A. M., McDonald, C. G., Bachus, S. E., & Smith, R. F. (2014). Developmental alterations in locomotor and anxiety-like behavior as a function of D1 and D2 mRNA expression. Behavioural Brain Research, 260, 25-33.

36.      Falco, A.M., McDonald, C.G., & Smith, R.F. (2014). Anxiety status affects nicotine- and baclofen-induced locomotor activity, anxiety, and single trial conditioned place preference in male adolescent rats.  Developmental Psychobiology, 56(6), 1352-1364.

37.      Hood, K., Brevard, J., Nguyen, A.B., & Belgrave, F. (2013) Stress among African American emerging adults: The role of family and cultural factors. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 22(1), 76-84.

38.      Huebner, A., Shettler, L., Matheson, J.L., Meszaros, P., Piercy, F., Davis, S. (2004). Factors associated with rural female adolescent smoking: a systematic review. In P. Meszaros, F. Piercy, A. Huebner, H. Crawford, K. Castagnoli. (Eds.). Adolescent Females & Smoking. Monograph published by the Center for Information Technology Impacts on Children, Youth and Families. Blacksburg, VA: Virginia Tech.

39.      Huebner, A.J., Shettler, L., Matheson, J.L., Meszaros, P.S., Piercy, F.P., Davis, S.D. (2006). Examining ethnic differences in predictors of female adolescent smoking in rural Virginia. Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse, 15(3), 63-81.

40.      Huebner, A.J., Shettler, L., Matheson, J.L., Meszaros, P.S., Piercy, F.P., Davis, S.D. (2005). Factors associated with former smokes among female adolescents in rural Virginia. Addictive Behaviors, 30, 167-173.

41.      Hunt, P.S. & Barnet, R.C. (2015). An animal model of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: Trace conditioning as a window to inform memory deficits and intervention tactics. Physiology & Behavior, 148(1), 36-44.

42.      Jackson, K.J., Walters, C.L., Miles, M.F., Martin, B.R., Damaj, M.I. (2009, July 18). Characterization of pharmacological and behavioral differences to nicotine in C57B1/6 and DBA/2 mice. Neuropharmacology. 57(4), 347-55.

43.      Kabbani, N. (2013). Not so cool? Menthol’s discovered actions on the nicotinic receptor and its implications for nicotine addiction. Frontiers in Pharmacology, 4(95).

44.      Kaestle, C. E., Chen, Y., Estabrooks, P. A., Zoellner, J., & Bigby, B. (2013). Pilot evaluation of a media literacy program for tobacco prevention targeting early adolescents shows mixed results. American Journal of Health Promotion.

45.      Kaestle, C.E. (2009). How girls and boys get tobacco: adults and other sources. Journal of Adolescent Health, 45(2), 208-10.

46.      Kaestle, C.E. (2015). Age of smoking milestones: Longitudinal inconsistencies and recanting. Journal of Adolescent Health, 56(4), 382-388.

47.      Kaestle, E. C., Wiles, B. B. (2010). Targeting High-Risk Neighborhoods for Tobacco Prevention Education in Schools. American Journal of Public Health, 100(9), 1708-13.

48.      Kendler, K. S., Myers, J., Damaj, M. I., & Chen, X. (2013). Early Smoking Onset and Risk for Subsequent Nicotine Dependence: A Monozygotic Co-Twin Control Study. American Journal of Psychiatry, 170(4), 408-413.

49.      Kendler, K.S., Myers, J.M., Prescott, C.A. (2007). Specificity of genetic and environmental risk factors for symptoms of cannabis, cocaine, alcohol, caffeine, and nicotine dependence. Arch Gen Psychiatry, 64(11), 1313-1320.

50.      King, J. R., Kabbani, N. (2016). Alpha 7 nicotinic receptor coupling to heterotrimeric G proteins modulates RhoA activation, cytoskeletal motility, and structural growth. Journal of Neurochemistry, 138(4), 532-45.

51.      King, J. R., Gillevet, T. C., & Kabbani, N. (2017). A G protein‐coupled α7 nicotinic receptor regulates signaling and TNF‐α release in microglia. FEBS Open Bio, 7(9), 1350–1361.

52.      King, J. R., & Kabbani, N. (2018). Alpha 7 nicotinic receptors attenuate neurite development through calcium activation of calpain at the growth cone. PLoS ONE, 13(5), e0197247.

53.      Kinney, L.F. (2007). State statutes governing direct shipment of alcoholic beverages to consumers: precedents for regulating tobacco retail shipments (pp. I-1 to I-26). In R.J. Bonnie, K. Stratton, R.B. Wallace (Eds.). IOM (Institute of Medicine): Ending the Tobacco Problem: A Blueprint for the Nation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

54.      Koch, J.R. & Breland, A.B. (2017). Behavioral healthcare staff attitudes and practices regarding consumer tobacco cessation services.  Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research, 44(3), 399-413.

55.      Kota, D., Sanjakdar, S., Marks, M. J., Khabour, O., Alzoubi, K., & Damaj, M. I. (2011). Exploring behavioral and molecular mechanisms of nicotine reward in adolescent mice. Biochemical pharmacology, 82(8), 1008-1014.

56.      Kota, D., Martin, B.R., Robinson, S.E., Damaj, M.I. (2007). Nicotine dependence and reward differ between adolescent and adult male mice. J Pharmacol Exp Ther, 322(1), 399-407.

57.      Kota, D., Robinson, S.E., Damaj, M.I. (2009). Enhanced Nicotine Reward in Adulthood After Exposure to Nicotine During Early Adolescence in Mice. Biochemical Pharmacology, 78(7), 873-9.

58.      Kota, D., Martin, B.R., Damaj, M.I. (2008). Age-dependent differences in nicotine reward and withdrawal in female mice. Psychopharmacology, 198(2), 201-10.

59.      Kulbok, P. A., Thatcher, E., Park, E., & Meszaros, P. S. (2012). Evolving public health nursing roles: Focus on community participatory health promotion and prevention. OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 17(2).

60.      Kulbok, P.A., Rhee, H., Botchwey, N., Hinton, I., Bovbjerg, V., Anderson, N.L. (2008). Factors influencing adolescents’ decision not to smoke. Public Health Nursing. 25(6), 505-15.

61.      Locklear, L. L., McDonald, C. G., Smith, R. F., & Fryxell, K. J. (2012). Adult mice voluntarily progress to nicotine dependence in an oral self-selection assay. Neuropharmacology, 63(4), 582-592.

62.      Lynch, W. J., Peterson, A. B., Sanchez, V., Abel, J., & Smith, M. A. (2013). Exercise as a novel treatment for drug addiction: A neurobiological and stage-dependent hypothesis. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews.

63.      Lynch, W.J., Tan, L., Narmeen, S., Beiter, R., Brunzell, D.H. (2017). Exercise or saccharin during abstinence block estrus-induced increases in nicotine-seeking. Physiology & Behavior. [Epub ahead of print]

64.      Lynch, W. J., & Sofuoglu, M. (2010). Role of progesterone in nicotine addiction: evidence from initiation to relapse. Experimental and clinical psychopharmacology, 18(6), 451.

65.      Lynch, W.J. (2009). Sex and Ovarian Hormones Influence Vulnerability and Motivation For Nicotine During Adolescence in Rats. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior, 94(1), 43–50.

66.      Maes, HH, Sullivan, PF, Bulik, CM, Neale, MC, Prescott, CA, Eaves, LJ and Kendler, KS (2004). A twin study of genetic and environmental influences on tobacco initiation, regular tobacco use and nicotine dependence. Psychological Medicine Psychological Medicine 34(7), 1251-61.

67.      Mason, M., Campbell, L., Way, T., Keyser-Marcus, L., Benotsch, E., Mennis, J., Zhang, J., King, L., May, J., & Stembridge, D.R. (2015). Development and outcomes of a text messaging tobacco cessation intervention with urban adolescents. Substance Abuse, 36(4), 500-506.


68.      Mason, M., Mennis, J., Way, T., & Floyd Campbell, L. (2015). Real-time readiness to quit and peer smoking within a text message intervention for adolescent smokers: Modeling mechanisms of change. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 59, 67-73.


69.      Mason, M., Mennis, J., Way, T., Lanza, S., Russel, M., & Zaharakis, N. (2015). Time-varying effects of a text-based smoking cessation intervention for urban adolescents. Drug and Alcohol Dependence  157, 99-105.


70.      Mason, M., Mennis, J., Way, T., Zaharakis, N., Campbell, L.F., Benotsch, Keyser-Marcus, & King, L. (2016). Text message delivered peer network counseling for adolescent smokers: A randomized clinical trial. The Journal of Primary Prevention, 37(5), 403-420.


71.      Mason, M., Mennis, J., Zaharakis, N., & Way, T. (2015). The dynamic role of urban neighborhood effects in a text-messaging adolescent smoking intervention. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 18(5), 1039-1045.

72.      Matheson, J.L. & Meszaros, P. (2004). Influences on Adolescent Girls' Decisions Not to Smoke Cigarettes: Results from a Qualitative Study. In P. Meszaros, F. Piercy, A. Huebner, H. Crawford, K. Castagnoli. (Eds.). Adolescent Females & Smoking. Monograph published by the Center for Information Technology Impacts on Children, Youth and Families. Blacksburg, VA: Virginia Tech.

73.      Matheson, J.L., Meszaros, P., Huebner, A., Piercy, F., Davis, S., Shettler, L. (2004). Cigarette smoking among adolescent females. In P. Meszaros, F. Piercy, A. Huebner, H. Crawford, K. Castagnoli. (Eds.). Adolescent Females & Smoking. Monograph published by the Center for Information Technology Impacts on Children, Youth and Families. Blacksburg, VA: Virginia Tech.

74.      McDonald, C.G., Dailey, V.K., Bergstrom, H.C., Wheeler, T.L., Eppolito, A.K., Smith, L.N., Smith, R.F. (2005). Periadolescent nicotine administration produces enduring changes in dendritic morphology of medium spiny neurons from nucleus accumbens. Neuroscience Letters, 385, 163-167.

75.      McDonald, C.G., Eppolito, A.K., Brielmaier, J.M., Smith, L.N., Bergstrom, H.C., Lawhead, M.R., Smith, R.F. (2007). Evidence for elevated nicotine-induced structural plasticity in nucleus accumbens of adolescent rats. Brain Research, 1151, 211-218.

76.      Mennis, J. & Mason, M. (2016). Tobacco outlet density and attitudes towards smoking among urban adolescent smokers. Substance Abuse, in press.

77.      Mennis, J., Mason, M., Way, T., & Zahakaris, N. (2016). The role of tobacco outlet density in a smoking cessation intervention for urban youth. Health & Place, 38, 39-47.

78.      Meszaros, P., Matheson, J.L., Huebner, A., Piercy, F., Davis, S., Shettler, L. (2004). Effective smoking prevention and cessation programs for adolescent girls: a proposed framework for program design. In P. Meszaros, F. Piercy, A. Huebner, H. Crawford, K. Castagnoli. (Eds.). Adolescent Females & Smoking. Monograph published by the Center for Information Technology Impacts on Children, Youth and Families. Blacksburg, VA: Virginia Tech. 

79.      Nasim, A., Blank, M. D., Cobb, C. O., Berry, B. M., Kennedy, M. G., & Eissenberg, T. (2014). How to freak a Black & Mild: a multi-study analysis of YouTube videos illustrating cigar product modification. Health Education Research, 29(1), 41-57.

80.      Nasim, A., Blank, M. D., Cobb, C. O., & Eissenberg, T. (2013). A multiple indicators and multiple causes model of alternative tobacco use. American Journal of Health Behavior, 37(1), 25-31.

81.      Nasim, A., Khader, Y., Blank, M. D., Cobb, C. O., & Eissenberg, T. (2012). Trends in alternative tobacco use among light, moderate, and heavy smokers in adolescence, 1999– 2009. Addictive Behaviors, 37(7), 866-870.

82.      Nasim, A., Blank, M. D., Berry, B. M., & Eissenberg, T. (2012). Cigar use misreporting among youth: Data from the 2009 Youth Tobacco Survey, Virginia. Preventing chronic disease, 9.

83.      Nasim, A., Berry, B. M., Belgrave, F. Z., Corona, R., & Turf, E. (2011). Ethnic Considerations in Risk Exposure and Cigarette Use Vulnerability among Eighth Grade Students in Virginia. International Quarterly of Community Health Education, 31(3), 229-244.

84.      Nasim, A., & Corona, R. (2008). Does the source matter in the communication of anti-smoking messages to youth?. International quarterly of community health education, 29(4), 309- 321.

85.      Nasim, A., Corona, R., Belgrave, F.Z., Utsey, S.O., Fallah, N. (2007). Cultural orientation as a protective factor against tobacco and marijuana smoking for African-American young women. Journal of Youth Adolescence, 36, 503-516.

86.      Nasim, A., Utsey, S.O., Corona, R., Belgrave, F.Z. (2006). Religiosity, refusal efficacy, and substance use among African-American adolescents and young adults. Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse, 5(3), 29-49.

87.      National Cancer Institute. (2009). Phenotypes and Endophenotypes: Foundations for Genetic Studies of Nicotine Use and Dependence. Tobacco Control Monograph No. 20. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health. NIH Publication No. 09-6366.

88.      Polesskaya, O.O., Fryxell, K.J., Merchant, A.D., Locklear, L.L., Ker, K., McDonald, C.G., Eppolito, A.K., Smith, L.N., Wheeler, T.L., Smith, R.F. (2007). Nicotine causes age dependent changes in gene expression in the adolescent female rat brain. Neurotoxicology and Teratology, 29, 126-140.

89.      Polesskaya, O.O., Smith, R.F., Fryxell, K.J. (2007). Chronic nicotine doses down-regulate Pde4 isoforms that are targets of antidepressants in adolescent female rats. Biol Psychiatry, 61, 56-64.

90.      Quisenberry, A.J., Bianco, A., Gatchalian, K.M., Kim-Spoon, J., Bickel, W.K. (2016). The temporal window of valuation is constricted among adolescent smokers. Behavioural Processes, 132, 29-33.

91.      Sanchez, V., Lycas, M.D., Lynch, W.J., & Brunzell, D.H. (2015). Wheel running exercises attenuates vulnerability to self-administer nicotine in rats. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 1(156), 193-198.

92.      Sanchez, V., Moore, C. F., Brunzell, D. H., & Lynch, W. J. (2013a). Effect of wheel-running during abstinence on subsequent nicotine-seeking in rats. Psychopharmacology, 1-9.

93.      Sanchez, V., Moore, C. F., Brunzell, D. H., & Lynch, W. J. (2013b). Sex differences in the effect of wheel running on subsequent nicotine-seeking in a rat adolescent-onset self-administration model. Psychopharmacology, 1-10.

94.      Spaeth, A.M., Burk, J.A., Barnet, R.C. & Hunt, P.S. (2010). Adolescent nicotine exposure disrupts context conditioning in adulthood. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior, 96(4), 501-6.

95.      Smith, B.N., Bean, M.K., Mitchell, K.S., Speizer, I.S., Fries, E.A. (2007). Psychosocial factors associated with non-smoking adolescents’ intentions to smoke. Health Education Research, 22(2), 238-247.

96.      Smith, K.C., Ehlinger, D.G., & Smith, R.F. (2015). Adolescent nicotine alters dendritic morphology in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis. Neuroscience Letters, 590, 111-115.

97.      Smith, L.N., Bachus, S.E., McDonald, C.G., & Smith, R.F. (2015). Role of the D3 dopamine receptor in nicotine sensitization. Behavioural Brain Research, 1(289), 92-104.

98.      Smith, L.N., McDonald, C.G., Bergstrom, H.C., Brielmaier, J.M., Eppolito, A.K., Wheeler, T.L., Falco, A.M., Smith, R.F. (2006). Long-term changes in fear conditioning and anxiety-like behavior following nicotine exposure in adult versus adolescent rats. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior, 85, 91-97.

99.      Smith, M. A., & Lynch, W. J. (2012). Exercise as a potential treatment for drug abuse: evidence from preclinical studies. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 2.

100.   Smith, R.F., McDonald, C.G., Bergstrom, H.C., Ehlinger, D.G., & Brielmaier, J.M. (2015). Adolescent nicotine induces persisting changes in development of neural connectivity. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 55, 432-443.

101.   Sutfin, E.L., Szykman, L.R., & Moore, M.C. (2008). Adolescents’ responses to anti-tobacco advertising: exploring the role of adolescents’ smoking status and advertisement theme. Journal of Health Communication, 13(5), 480-500.

102.   Sutter, M. E., Everhart, R. S., Miadich, S., Rudy, A. K., Nasim, A., & Cobb, C. O. (2018). Patterns and Profiles of Adolescent Tobacco Users: Results From the Virginia Youth Survey. Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco, 20(suppl_1), S39-S47.

103.   Wan, L., Friedman, B.H., Boutros, N.N., Crawford, H.J. (2008). Smoking status affects men and women differently on schizotypal traits and cognitive failures. Personality and Individual Differences, 44, 425-435.

104.   Wan, L., Crawford, H.J., Boutros, N. (2006). P50 sensory gating: impact of high vs. low schizotypal personality and smoking status. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 60, 1-9.

105.   Wheeler, T. L., Smith, L. N., Bachus, S. E., McDonald, C. G., Fryxell, K. J., & Smith, R. F. (2012). Low-dose adolescent nicotine and methylphenidate have additive effects on adult behavior and neurochemistry. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior.

106.   Will, K. E., Edwards, A. L., Harrell, P. T., Yilmaz, B. O., Libby, E. P., Mondejar, K. A., Paulson, A. C., Plunk, A. D., & Herman, M. C. (2018). Development and initial validation of a risk behavior diagnosis scale for e-cigarette use. In R. Umstattd Meyer (ed.), Proceedings of the American Academy of Health Behavior 2018 Annual Scientific Meeting: An Equity Approach to Health Behavior Innovations. Health Behavior Research: Vol. 1: No. 2, p. 46.

107.   Wilson, D.B., Smith, B.N., Speizer, I.S., Bean, M.K., Mitchell, K.S., Uguy, L.S., Fries, E.A. (2005). Differences in food intake and exercise by smoking status in adolescents. Preventive Medicine, 40, 872-879.

108.   Zhang, L., Kendler, K.S., Chen, X. (2006a). Association of the phosphatase and tension homolog gene (PTEN) with smoking initiation and nicotine dependence. American Journal of Medical Genetics Part B (Neuropsychiatric Genetics), 141B, 10-14.

109.   Zhang, L., Kendler, K.S., Chen, X. (2006b). The mu-opioid receptor gene and smoking initiation and nicotine dependence. Behavioral and Brain Functions, 2, 28.

This research was supported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health under Award Number U54DA036105 and the Center for Tobacco Products of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the views of the NIH or the FDA.