Publications

Asterisk (*) indicates CSTP trainee

1.    *Aboaziza, E., & Eissenberg, T. (2015). Waterpipe tobacco smoking: what is the evidence that it supports nicotine/tobacco dependence? Tobacco Control, 24(Suppl 1), i44-i53. DOI: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2014-051910

2.    Al-Sawalha, N., Alzoubi, K., Khabour, O., Alyacoub, W., Almahmmod, Y., & Eissenberg, T. (2018). Effect of prenatal exposure to waterpipe tobacco smoke on learning and memory of adult offspring rats. Nicotine & Tobacco Research. 20(4), 508-514. DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntx142

3.    Alzoubi, K. H., Khabour, O. F., Alharahshah, E. A., Alhashimi, F. H., Shihadeh, A., & Eissenberg, T. (2015). The effect of waterpipe tobacco smoke exposure on learning and memory functions in the rat model. Journal of Molecular Neuroscience, 57(2), 249-256. DOI: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2014-051910

4.    Baassiri, M., Talih, S., Salman, R., Karaoghlanian, N., Saleh, R., El Hage, R., & Shihadeh, A. (2017). Clouds and “throat hit”: Effects of liquid composition on nicotine emissions and physical characteristics of electronic cigarette aerosols. Aerosol Science and Technology, 51(11), 1231-1239. DOI: 10.1080/02786826.2017.1341040

5.    Bahelah, R., DiFranza, J. R., Fouad, F. M., Ward, K. D., Eissenberg, T., & Maziak, W. (2016). Early symptoms of nicotine dependence among adolescent waterpipe smokers. Tobacco Control, 25(e2), e127-e134. DOI: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2015-052809

6.    Bahelah, R., DiFranza, J. R., Ward, K. D., Eissenberg, T., Fouad, F. M., Taleb, Z. B., & Maziak, W. (2017). Waterpipe smoking patterns and symptoms of nicotine dependence: The Waterpipe Dependence in Lebanese Youth Study. Addictive Behaviors, 74, 127-133. DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.06.003

7.    Bahelah, R., DiFranza, J. R., Ward, K. D., Fouad, F. M., Eissenberg, T., Taleb, Z. B., & Maziak, W. (2016). Correlates of nicotine dependence among adolescent waterpipe smokers. Drug & Alcohol Dependence, 168, 230-238. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2016.09.019

8.    Bahelah, R., Ward, K.D., Ben Taleb, Z., DiFranza, J.R., Eissenberg, T., Jaber, R., Maziak, W. (in press). Determinants of progression of nicotine dependence symptoms in adolescent waterpipe smokers. Tob Control. DOI: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2018-054244.

9.    Baldassarri, S. R., Hillmer, A. T., Anderson, J. M., Jatlow, P., Nabulsi, N., Labaree, D., Cosgrove, K.P., O’Malley, S. S., Eissenberg, T., Krishnan-Sarin, S. & Esterlis, I. (2018). Use of electronic cigarettes leads to significant beta2-nicotinic acetylcholine receptor occupancy: Evidence from a PET imaging study. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 20(4), 425-433. DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntx091

10.  Barnes, A. J., Bono, R. S., Lester, R. C., Eissenberg, T. E. & Cobb, C. O. (2017). Effect of flavors and modified risk messages on e-cigarette abuse liability. Tobacco Regulatory Science, 3(4), 374-387. DOI: 10.18001/TRS.3.4.1

11.  Baweja, R., Curci, K. M., Yingst, J., Veldheer, S., Hrabovsky, S., Wilson, S. J., Nichols, T.T., Eissenberg, T. & Foulds, J. (2016). Views of experienced electronic cigarette users. Addiction Research & Theory, 24(1), 80-88. DOI: 10.3109/16066359.2015.1077947

12.  Ben Taleb, Z., Breland, A., Bahelah, R., Ebrahimi Kalen, M., Vargas-Rivera, M., Jaber, R., Eissenberg, T., Maziak, W. (in press). Flavored versus non-flavored waterpipe tobacco: a comparison of plasma nicotine, subjective experiences, and harm perceptions. Nicotine & Tobacco Research. DOI: 10.1093/ntr/nty131

13.  Blank, M. D. & Eissenberg, T. (2015). Commentary on Brose et al. (2015): Protecting individual and public health by regulating electronic cigarette nicotine delivery. Addiction, 110(7), 1169-1170. DOI: 10.1111/add.12955

14.  Blank, M. D., Cobb, C. O., Eissenberg, T. & Nasim, A. (2016). Acute effects of “hyping” a black&mild cigarillo. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 18(4), 460-469. DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntv063

15.  Blank, M. D., Breland, A. B., Cobb, C. O., *Spindle, T., *Ramôa, C. & Eissenberg, T. (2016). Clinical laboratory evaluation of electronic cigarettes: Methodological challenges. Tobacco Regulatory Science, 2(4), 426-439. DOI: 10.18001/TRS.2.4.12

16.  Blank, M. D., Breland, A. B., Enlow, P. T., Duncan, C., Metzger, A. & Cobb, C. O. (2016). Measurement of smoking behavior: Comparison of self-reports, returned cigarette butts, and toxicant levels. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 24(5), 348-355. DOI: 10.1037/pha0000083

17.  Breland, A., *Soule, E., *Lopez, A., *Ramôa, C., *ElHellani, A. & Eissenberg, T. (2017). Electronic cigarettes: What are they and what do they do? Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1394(1), 5-30. DOI: 10.1111/nyas.12977

18.  Breland, A., *Spindle, T., Weaver, M. & Eissenberg, T. (2014). Science and electronic cigarettes: Current data, future needs. Journal of Addiction Medicine, 8(4), 223-233. DOI: 10.1097/ADM.0000000000000049

19.  Chaiton, M., Schwartz, R., Cohen, J. E., *Soule, E. & Eissenberg, T. (2018). Association of Ontario’s ban on menthol cigarettes with smoking behavior 1 month after implementation. JAMA Internal Medicine. e1-e2. DOI: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.8650

20.  Cobb, C. O., Hendricks, P. S. & Eissenberg, T. (2015). Electronic cigarettes and nicotine dependence: evolving products, evolving problems. BMC Medicine, 13(1), 119. DOI: 10.1186/s12916-015-0355-y

21.  Cobb, C. O., *Soule, E. K., *Rudy, A. K., Sutter, M., & Cohn, A. M. (2018) Patterns and correlates of tobacco and cannabis co-use by tobacco product type: findings from the Virginia Youth Survey. Substance Use and Misuse, 53(14), 2310-2319. doi: 10.1080/10826084.2018.1473437.

22.  Dawkins, L., Cox, S., Goniewicz, M.L., McRobbie, H., Kimber, C., Doig, M., *Kosmider, L. (in press). ‘Real-world’ compensatory behaviour with low nicotine concentration e-liquid: subjective effects and nicotine, acrolein and formaldehyde exposure. Addiction.

23.  Eissenberg, T. & Shihadeh, A. (2015). Nicotine flux: a potentially important tool for regulating electronic cigarettes. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 17(2), 165-167. DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntu208

24.  El-Hage, R., *El-Hellani, A., Salman, R., Talih, S., Shihadeh, A., & Saliba, N. A. (2018). Fate of pyrazines in the flavored liquids of e-cigarettes. Aerosol Science and Technology, 52(4), 377-384. DOI: 10.1080/02786826.2018.1433293

25.  *El-Hellani, A., El-Hage, R., Baalbaki, R., Salman, R., Talih, S., Shihadeh, A. & Saliba, N. A. (2015). Free-base and protonated nicotine in electronic cigarette liquids and aerosolsChemical Research in Toxicology28(8), 1532-1537. DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemrestox.5b00107

26.  *El-Hellani, A., El-Hage, R., Salman, R., Talih, S., Shihadeh, A. & Saliba, N. A. (2017). Carboxylate counteranions in electronic cigarette liquids: Influence on nicotine emissions. Chemical Research in Toxicology, 30(8), 1577-1581. DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemrestox.7b00090

27.  *El-Hellani, A., Salman, R., El-Hage, R., Talih, S., Malek, N., Baalbaki, R., Karaoghlanian, N., Nakkash, R., Shihadeh, A. & Saliba, N. A. (2018). Nicotine and carbonyl emissions from popular electronic cigarette products: correlation to liquid composition and design characteristics. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 20(2), 215-223. DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntw280

28.  *El-Shahawy, O., Sun, P., Tsai, J. Y. K., Rohrbach, L. A. & Sussman, S. (2015). Sense of coherence and tobacco use myths among adolescents as predictors of at-risk youth cigarette use. Substance Use & Misuse, 50(1), 8-14. DOI: 10.3109/10826084.2014.957767

29.  Etter, J. F. & Eissenberg, T. (2015). Dependence levels in users of electronic cigarettes, nicotine gums and tobacco cigarettes. Drug & Alcohol Dependence, 147, 68-75. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2014.12.007

30.  Fagan, P., Pokhrel, P., Herzog, T. A., Guy, M. C., Sakuma, K. L. K., Trinidad, D. R., Cassel, K., Jorgensen, D., Lynch, T., Felicitas-Perkins, J.Q., Palafox, S., Hamamura, F.D., *Maloney, S., Degree, K., Sterling, K., Moolchan, E.T., Clanton, M.S, Eissenberg, T. & Addictive Carcinogens Workgroup (2017). Warning statements and safety practices among manufacturers and distributors of electronic cigarette liquids in the United States. Nicotine & Tobacco Research. Advance online publication. DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntx101

31.  Fagan, P., Pokhrel, P., Herzog, T. A., Moolchan, E. T., Cassel, K. D., Franke, A. A., Li, X., Pagano, I., Trinidad, D.R., Sakuma, K.L.K., Sterling, K., Jorgensen, D., Lynch, T., Kawamoto, C., Guy., M.C., Lagua, I., Hanes, S., Alexander, L.A., Clanton, M.S., Grham-Tutt, C. Eissenberg, T. & Addictive Carcinogens Workgroup (2017). Sugar and aldehyde content in flavored electronic cigarette liquids. Nicotine & Tobacco Research. Advance online publication. DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntx234

32.  Foulds, J., Veldheer, S., Yingst, J., Hrabovsky, S., Wilson, S. J., Nichols, T. T. & Eissenberg, T. (2015). Development of a questionnaire for assessing dependence on electronic cigarettes among a large sample of ex-smoking e-cigarette users. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 17(2), 186-192. DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntu204

33.  Fowler, C.D., Gipson, C.D., Kleykamp, B.A., Rupprecht, L.E., Harrell, P.T., Rees, V.W., Gould, T.J., Oliver, J., *Bagdas, D., Damaj, M.I., Schmidt, H. D., Duncan, A., De Biasi, M. & Basic Science Network (BSN) of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco (SRNT). (2017). Basic science and public policy: Informed regulation for nicotine and tobacco products. Nicotine & Tobacco Research. Advance online publication. DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntx175

34.  Gholap, V.V., *Kosmider, L., Halquist, M.S. (in press). A standardized approach to quantitative analysis of nicotine in e-liquids based on peak purity criteria using high performance liquid chromatography. Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry.

35.  Gibson, L. A., Creamer, M. L. R., Breland, A. B., Giachello, A. L., Kaufman, A., Kong, G., Pechacek, T.F., Pepper, J.K., *Soule, E.K. & Halpern-Felsher, B. (2018). Measuring perceptions related to e-cigarettes: Important principles and next steps to enhance study validity. Addictive Behaviors. 79, 219-225. DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.11.017

36.  Guy, M.C., Helt, J., Palafox, S., Green, K., *Soule, E.K., & *Maloney, S. F., Eissenberg, T., Fagan, P. (2018). Orthodox and Unorthodox Uses of Electronic Cigarettes: A Surveillance of YouTube Video Content. Nicotine & Tobacco Research. doi: 10.1093/ntr/nty132. [Epub ahead of print]

37.  Guy, M.C., Pokhrel, P., Herzog, T., Cassel, K., Sakuma, K.K., Trinidad, D.R., Palafox, S., Halquist, M.S., Eissenberg, T., Bodnar-Deren, S., Fagan, P. (in press). How much nicotine is in your electronic cigarette flavored liquid? Results from samples collected in two major U.S. cities. Tobacco Regulatory Science.

38.  Harrell, P. T. & Eissenberg, T. (2017). Automated dripping devices for vapers: Rdtas, bottomfeeders, squonk mods and dripboxes. Tobacco Control. Advance online publication. DOI: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2017-053817

39.  Hajek, P., Etter, J. F., Benowitz, N., Eissenberg, T. & McRobbie, H. (2014). Electronic cigarettes: Review of use, content, safety, effects on smokers and potential for harm and benefit. Addiction, 109(11), 1801-1810. DOI: 10.1111/add.12659

40.  *Hiler, M., Breland, A., *Spindle, T., *Maloney, S., Lipato, T., Karaoghlanian, N., Shihadeh, A., *Lopez, A., *Ramôa, C. & Eissenberg, T. (2017). Electronic cigarette user plasma nicotine concentration, puff topography, heart rate, and subjective effects: Influence of liquid nicotine concentration and user experience. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 25(5), 380-392. DOI: 10.1037/pha0000140 

41.  Hobkirk, A. L., Nichols, T. T., Foulds, J., Yingst, J. M., Veldheer, S., Hrabovsky, S., Richie, J., Eissenberg, T. & Wilson, S. J. (2018). Changes in resting state functional brain connectivity and withdrawal symptoms are associated with acute electronic cigarette use. Brain Research Bulletin. 138, 56-63. DOI: 10.1016/j.brainresbull.2017.05.010

42.  Husari, A., Shihadeh, A., Talih, S., Hashem, Y., El Sabban, M. & Zaatari, G. (2016). Acute exposure to electronic and combustible cigarette aerosols: Effects in an animal model and in human alveolar cells. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 18(5), 613-619. DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntv169

43.  Jawad, M., Eissenberg, T., Salman, R., *Soule, E., Alzoubi, K., Khabour, O., Karaoghlanian, N., Baalbaki, R., El Hage, R., Saliba, N., & Shihadeh, A. (in press). Toxicant inhalation among singleton waterpipe tobacco users in natural settings. Tobacco Control. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2017-054230.

44.  Kaufman, P., Dubray, J., *Soule, E., Cobb, C., Zarins, S., McIntosh, T., & Schwartz, R. (2018). Analysis of secondhand e-cigarette aerosol compounds in an indoor setting. Tobacco Regulatory Science, 4(3), 29-37.

45.  Khabour, O. F., Alzoubi, K. H., Abu Thiab, T. M., Al-Husein, B. A., Eissenberg, T. & Shihadeh, A. L. (2015). Changes in the expression and protein level of matrix metalloproteinases after exposure to waterpipe tobacco smoke. Inhalation Toxicology, 27(13), 689-693. DOI: 10.3109/08958378.2015.1085471

46.  Khabour, O., Alzoubi, K. H., Al-Sawalha, N., Ahmad, M. B., Shihadeh, A. & Eissenberg, T. (2018). The effect of chronic exposure to waterpipe tobacco smoke on airway inflammation in mice. Life Sciences. 200, 110-114. DOI: 10.1016/j.lfs.2018.03.034

47.  Khabour, O. F., Alzoubi, K. H., Al-Sheyab, N., Shihadeh, A. & Eissenberg, T. (2016). Investigating the effects of exposure to waterpipe smoke on pregnancy outcomes using an animal model. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 18(5), 585-589. DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntv275

48.  *Kosmider, L., Delijewski, M., Koszowski, B., Sobczak, A., Benowitz, N.L., Goniewicz, M.L. (2018). Slower nicotine metabolism among postmenopausal Polish smokers. Pharmacological Reports, 70(3), 434-438. DOI: 10.1016/j.pharep.2017.11.009

49.  *Kosmider, L., *Spindle, T. R., Gawron, M., Sobczak, A. & Goniewicz, M. L. (2018). Nicotine emissions from electronic cigarettes: Individual and interactive effects of propylene glycol to vegetable glycerin composition and device power output. Food and Chemical Toxicology. 115, 302-305. DOI: 10.1016/j.fct.2018.03.025

50.  Leavens, E. L., Driskill, L. M., Molina, N., Eissenberg, T., Shihadeh, A., Brett, E. I., Floyd, E. & Wagener, T. (2017). Comparison of a preferred versus non-preferred waterpipe tobacco flavour: Subjective experience, smoking behaviour and toxicant exposure. Tobacco Control. Advance online publication. DOI: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2016-053344

51.  *Lopez, A. A. & Eissenberg, T. (2015). Science and the evolving electronic cigarette. Preventive Medicine, 80, 101-106. DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2015.07.006

52.  *Lopez, A. A., Eissenberg, T., Jaafar, M. & Afifi, R. (2017). Now is the time to advocate for interventions designed specifically to prevent and control waterpipe tobacco smoking. Addictive Behaviors, 66, 41-47. DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2016.11.008

53.  *Lopez, A. A., *Hiler, M., *Maloney, S., Eissenberg, T. & Breland, A. B. (2016). Expanding clinical laboratory tobacco product evaluation methods to loose-leaf tobacco vaporizers. Drug & Alcohol Dependence, 169, 33-40. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2016.10.005

54.  *Lopez, A. A., *Hiler, M. M., *Soule, E. K., *Ramôa, C. P., Karaoghlanian, N. V., Lipato, T., Breland, A.B., Shihadeh, A.L. & Eissenberg, T. (2016). Effects of electronic cigarette liquid nicotine concentration on plasma nicotine and puff topography in tobacco cigarette smokers: a preliminary report. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 18(5), 720-723. DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntv182

55.  *Lopez, A. A., Cobb, C. O., Yingst, J. M., Veldheer, S., Hrabovsky, S., Yen, M. S., Foulds, J. & Eissenberg, T. (2016). A transdisciplinary model to inform randomized clinical trial methods for electronic cigarette evaluation. BMC Public Health, 16(1), 217. DOI: 10.1186/s12889-016-2792-8

56.  Malek, N., Nakkash, R., Talih, S., Lotfi, T., Salman, R., Karaoghlanian, G., El-Hage, R., Saliba, N., Eissenberg, T., Shihadeh, A. (2018). A transdisciplinary approach to understanding characteristics of electronic cigarettes. Tobacco Regulatory Science, 4(3), 47-72.

57.  *Maloney, S., Soule, E.K., Palafox, S., McFadden, K., Guy, M.C., Eissenberg, T., Fagan, P. (in press). A longitudinal analysis of electronic cigarette forum participation. Addictive Behaviors.

58.  Maziak, W., Jawad, M., Jawad, S., Ward, K. D., Eissenberg, T. & Asfar, T. (2015). Interventions for waterpipe smoking cessation. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 7, CD005549. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005549.pub3

59.  Maziak, W., Taleb, B., Jawad, M., Afifi, R., Nakkash, R., Akl, E. A., Ward, K.D., Salloum, R.G., Barnett, T.E., Primack, B.A., Sherman, S., Cobb, C.O., Sutfin, E.L. & Eissenberg, T. (2017). Consensus statement on assessment of waterpipe smoking in epidemiological studies. Tobacco control, 26(3), 338-343. DOI: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2016-052958

60.  Nasim, A., Guy, M. C., *Soule, E. K., Cobb, C. O., Blank, M. D. & Eissenberg, T. (2016). Characteristics and patterns of Black & Mild use among African American smokers. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 18(5), 842-849. DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntv260

61.  Nichols, T. T., Foulds, J., Yingst, J. M., Veldheer, S., Hrabovsky, S., Richie, J., Eissenberg, T. & Wilson, S. J. (2016). Cue-reactivity in experienced electronic cigarette users: Novel stimulus videos and a pilot fMRI study. Brain Research Bulletin, 123, 23-32. DOI: 10.1016/j.brainresbull.2015.10.003

62.  *Nicksic, N. E., Snell, L. M., Barnes, A. J. (2017). Does exposure and receptivity to e-cigarette advertisements relate to e-cigarette and conventional cigarette use behaviors among youth? Results from wave 1 of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health study. Journal of Applied Research on Children: Informing Policy for Children at Risk, 8(2), 1-18.

63.  *Nicksic, N. E., Snell, L. M., *Rudy, A. K., Cobb, C. O. & Barnes, A. J. (2017). Tobacco marketing, e-cigarette susceptibility, and perceptions among adults. American Journal of Health Behavior, 41(5), 579-590. DOI: 10.1016/j.brainresbull.2015.10.003

64.  Otreba, M., *Kosmider, L., Knysak, J., Warncke, J., Sobczak, A. (2018). E-cigarettes: voltage and concentration dependent loss in human lung adenocarcinoma viability. Journal of Applied Toxicology, DOI: 10.1002/jat.3625

65.  Pepper, J. K. & Eissenberg, T. (2014). Waterpipes and electronic cigarettes: Increasing prevalence and expanding science. Chemical Research in Toxicology, 27(8), 1336-1343. DOI: 10.1021/tx500200j

66.  *Ramôa, C. P., Eissenberg, T. & Sahingur, S. E. (2017). Increasing popularity of waterpipe tobacco smoking and electronic cigarette use: Implications for oral healthcare. Journal of Periodontal Research, 52(5), 813-823. DOI: 10.1111/jre.12458

67.  *Ramôa, C. P., *Hiler, M. M., *Spindle, T. R., *Lopez, A. A., Karaoghlanian, N., Lipato, T., Breland, A.B., Shihadeh, A. & Eissenberg, T. (2016). Electronic cigarette nicotine delivery can exceed that of combustible cigarettes: A preliminary report. Tobacco Control, 25(e1), e6-9. DOI: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2015-052447

68.  *Ramôa, C. P., Shihadeh, A., Salman, R. & Eissenberg, T. (2016). Group waterpipe tobacco smoking increases smoke toxicant concentration. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 18(5), 770-776. DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntv271

69.  Rohsenow, D. J., Tidey, J. W., Martin, R. A., Colby, S. M. & Eissenberg, T. (2018). Effects of six weeks of electronic cigarette use on smoking rate, CO, cigarette dependence, and motivation to quit smoking: A pilot study. Addictive Behaviors. 80, 65-70. DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2018.01.012

70.  *Rudy, A. K., Leventhal, A. M., Goldenson, N. I. & Eissenberg, T. (2017). Assessing electronic cigarette effects and regulatory impact: Challenges with user self-reported device power. Drug & Alcohol Dependence, 179, 337-340. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.07.031

71.  Saliba, N. A., *El Hellani, A., Honein, E., Salman, R., Talih, S., Zeaiter, J., & Shihadeh, A. (in press). Surface Chemistry of Electronic Cigarette Electrical Heating Coils: Effects of Metal Type on Propylene Glycol Thermal Decomposition. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis.

72.  *Sawdey, M. D., Hancock, L., Messner, M. & Prom-Wormley, E. C. (2017). Assessing the association between e-cigarette use and exposure to social media in college students: A cross-sectional study. Substance Use & Misuse, 52(14), 1910-1917. DOI: 10.1080/10826084.2017.1319390

73.  Schick, S. F., Blount, B. C., Jacob 3rd, P., Saliba, N. A., Bernert, J. T., *El Hellani, A., Jatlow, P., Pappas, R.S., Wang, L., Foulds, J., Ghosh, A., Hecht, S.S., Gomez, J.C., Martin, J.R., Mesaros, C., Srivastava, S., St. Helen, G., Tarran, R., Lorkiewicz, P.K., Blair, I.A., Kimmel, H.L., Doerschuk, C.M., Benowitz, N.L. & Bhatnagar, A. (2017). Biomarkers of exposure to new and emerging tobacco delivery products. American Journal of Physiology-Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology, 313(3), L425-L452. DOI: 10.1152/ajplung.00343.2016

74.  Shaito, A., Saliba, J., Husari, A., El-Harakeh, M., Chhouri, H., Hashem, Y., Shihadeh, A. & El-Sabban, M. (2017). Electronic cigarette smoke impairs normal mesenchymal stem cell differentiation. Scientific Reports, 7(1), 14281. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-14634-z

75.  Shihadeh, A. & Eissenberg, T. (2015). Electronic cigarette effectiveness and abuse liability: predicting and regulating nicotine flux. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 17(2), 158-162. DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntu175

76.  Shihadeh, A., Schubert, J., Klaiany, J., El Sabban, M., Luch, A. & Saliba, N. A. (2015). Toxicant content, physical properties and biological activity of waterpipe tobacco smoke and its tobacco-free alternatives. Tobacco Control, 24, i22-i30. DOI: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2014-051907

77.  Shihadeh, A., Talih, S. & Eissenberg, T. (2015). Commentary on Farsalinos et al. (2015): Ecigarettes generate high levels of aldehydes only in ‘dry puff’conditions. Addiction, 110(11), 1861-1864. DOI: 10.1111/add.13066

78.  Soneji, S., Barrington-Trimis, J. L., Wills, T. A., Leventhal, A. M., Unger, J. B., Gibson, L. A., Yang, J., Primack, B.A., Andrews, J.A., Miech, R.A., *Spindle, T. R., Dick, D.M., Eissenberg, T., Hornik, R.C., Dang, R. & Sargent, J.D. (2017). Association between initial use of e-cigarettes and subsequent cigarette smoking among adolescents and young adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA Pediatrics, 171(8), 788-797. DOI: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.1488

79.  *Soule, E. K., Lipato, T. & Eissenberg, T. (2015). Waterpipe tobacco-smoking: A new smoking epidemic among the young? Current Pulmonology Reports, 4(4), 163-172. DOI: 10.1007/s13665-015-0124-6

80.  *Soule, E. K., *Lopez, A. A., Guy, M. C. & Cobb, C. O. (2016). Reasons for using flavored liquids among electronic cigarette users: A concept mapping study. Drug & Alcohol Dependence, 166, 168-176. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2016.07.007

81.  *Soule, E. K., Nasim, A. & Rosas, S. (2016). Adverse effects of electronic cigarette use: A concept mapping approach. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 18(5), 678-685. DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntv246

82.  *Soule, E. K., *Maloney, S. F., Guy, M. C., Eissenberg, T. & Fagan, P. (2017). User identified positive outcome expectancies of electronic cigarette use: A concept mapping study. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 31(3), 343-353. DOI: 10.1037/adb0000263

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This research was supported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health under Award Number U54DA036105 and the Center for Tobacco Products of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the views of the NIH or the FDA.

WHO Collaborating Centre for Tobacco Product Testing and Research